The Odyssey: Faithfulness vs. Unfaithfulness

Even though Homer goes to great lengths to show Odysseus is a puppet who had really no choice, this does not minimize the hard fact Odysseus is not faithful to his wife, Penelope. Moreover, there is no clear evidence of Odysseus trying to outwit Calypso or Circe, the witch-goddess, who wants to take Odysseus as a lover in exchange for her help. In this epic, Odysseus is an intelligent man who is able to control his emotions and plan the best strategies to obtain his goal. Why doesn't

he think of a way to outwit Circe or Calypso Instead, he almost meekly accepts this proposition without even considering Penelope's feelings or the undermining of his own marriage vows.

On the other hand, Penelope, Odysseus's wife, remains faithful to her husband since he had left to the Trojan wars twenty years ago. As a loyal and dutiful wife, Penelope valiantly resists the small army of suitors who invades her palace as they attempt "to winaE her in marriage. She outwits all the suitors by saying she cannot marry or take any of them until she has finished sewing her father-in-law's shroud. She sews by day; and at night, in her bedroom, she undoes the stitches she had done that day. She also outwits them even after they had learned a



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