All of the action as viewed by the audience takes place inside the drawing room, an indoor and private place. The protagonist of the play Hedda Gabler is represented as confined to this indoor space. Hedda occupies liminal spaces on the stage and is often positioned near the glass door looking out and is also represented, as pacing liked a caged animal. The profusion of bouquets of flowers in the opening scenes symbolically represents the invasion of the public into the private spaces producing a sense of suffocation representing Hedda's emotional and physical entrapment. This use of a fourth wall realism works to mimic the appearance of a culturally recognizable space, in this case a family drawing room. This works to subvert traditional conventions and shows the way an individual is bound to society and can never be free from the social pressures and cultural assumptions that surrounds them.
The symbolism associated with the Tesman's house is strongly contrasted with the audiences expectations of a newly married couple and serves to develop the protagonist's sense of entrapment and psychological distr