The ancient Egyptians used this land for growing their crops. The "red land" was the barren desert that protected Egypt on two sides. These deserts separated ancient Egypt from neighboring countries and invading armies. They also provided the ancient Egyptians with a source for precious metals and semi-precious stones.
In order for the Ancient Egyptian civilization to grow, the people had to work together and unify. So as the farmers and other inhabitant began to cooperate in the daily tasks, a mighty organization began to grow. They found leaders among themselves, who directed the work that needed to be done, and thus a form of government developed. Ancient Egyptian government was led by a king, or pharaoh and some of the most noteworthy were: Narmer, Ahmose, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Akhenaton, Ramses II, and Ramses III. Their Government was a theocracy, which means the king is the political and religious leader. The Pharaoh also appointed a his own personal choice for a bureaucratic organization. Egyptian Historians divide Egyptian history into thirty - one dynasties, regrouped into four periods of political centralization: pre- and early dynastic Egypt (3150-2770 BC), the Old Kingdom (2270-22