The opening of the new lands in the west after 1812 greatly extended the area available for cotton cultivation. Cotton culture moved rapidly from the Tidewater states on the East coast through much of the lower South to the delta region of the Mississippi and eventually to Texas. Sugarcane, another labor -intensive crop, also contributed to slavery's extension in the south. The rich, hot lands of southeastern Louisiana proved ideal for growing sugarcane profitably. By 1830 the state was supplying the nation with about half its sugar supply. Finally, tobacco growers moved westward, taking slavery with them.
As the nation expanded westward, the question of whether to allow slavery in newly acquired territories arose. In 1819 Missouri, which had 10,000 sla