Motives For Colonization

They also believed that the wealth of a nation depended primarily on the possession of gold and silver. Mercantilists assumed that the volume of world wealth and trade was relatively static; so one country's gain required another's loss. According to this view, a colonial possession should provide wealth to the country that controlled it. Colonies were not supposed to compete with the mother country's home industries. Empires were closed systems, designed to keep competitors out.

To implement mercantilist policy, England passed legislation called the Navigation Acts that restricted its colonies to trading solely with the mother country. The acts also stipulated that goods imported or exported by English colonies in Africa, Asia, or America had to be shipped on vessels constructed by English shipbuilders and that at least three-quarters of the ships' crews had to be English.

Sometimes such regulations backfired. During the French and Indian War (1754-1763) in North America, the British Parliament sought to increase revenues to pay the costs of defending the American colonies. It used the Navigation Acts to levy heavier duties on the American colonies. American colonists felt oppressed by these taxes, which are con


 
 
 
 
 
 



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PROFESSIONAL ESSAYS
 
LIBERIA AND AMERICA... In 1816, the American Colonization Society was formally established. The motives of its white founders and supporters were oddly varied (Ciment, 1998, p. 34). ... (1982 8 )

Africa and Liberty "What must a people do to appease an emb... To do so, it adopts the same type of discourse that the Europeans initially used to disguise their financial motives for expansion and colonization: You see ... (3744 15 )

Joseph Conrads's Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad... and by extension all colonizers in the moral ambiguities associated with colonization. ... not push his analysis far enough to explore Conrad's motives in allowing ... (1306 5 )

Settlement & History of Liberia... In 1816, the American Colonization Society was formally established. The motives of its white founders and supporters were oddly varied (Ciment, 1998, p. 34). ... (10026 40 )

Economic Motivations For The American Revolution... Initially, however, British interest in colonization was greater with respect to the ... Economic motives, however, proved to be the spur that the expansionists ... (2622 10 )

PRE-COLONIAL EXPLORATION OF AFRICA This researc... This research paper discusses the exploration of Africa before its colonization by the ... eccentric group of explorers acting out of a mixture of motives during a ... (4220 17 )

 
 

 
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