functionalist and marxist appr

"Religion refers to the existence of supernatural beings that have a governing effect on life" Robert Robinson. This means that Religion refers to the existence of beings that transcend nature, that is, they do not conform to the laws of nature. These supernatural beings are superhuman; they can perform tasks that no creature on earth could possibly perform. Religion is comprised of a mixture of elements that provide a purpose and common understanding throughout society. The basis of Religion consists of shared beliefs and customs to form a basis of moral code and justification within a society. Religion also involves practices or rituals. Which simply has some repeated pattern of human action, which has some religious significance or connection. For example, marriage ceremonies in churches, baptism, prayer, confession, confirmation are all rituals.With Marxism and Functionalism theories both take the Structuralist approach and both take the macro World view, meaning they both are interested in studying the frameworks of society and how society shapes our behaviour. Both sociological perspectives were developed in the 19th Century as response to the rapid social change of the Industrial revo



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