Icons created for new Buddhist establishment give sufficient evidence of sculptural creativity during Sung. Guanyin was the most popular deities at that time, particularly in the newer embodiments based on the Lotus and Flower Garland sutras. Over time, Guanyin combined major elements from Chinese folk culture, including a growing feminization of the image type and its increasing association with aid in conception and childbirth.

Guanyin (Kuan Shih Yin) was first known as a male figure; it was not until later that it was perceived as a female. The reason for this change was the ultimate nature of the Guanyin. It is a kind soul that never turns a person in need away. There were stories of miraculous things happening when the common people called on Guanyin. People usually see women as kindly and merciful. So it would only make sense to people to have a feminine form to look up to. It gave the people a sense of calmness. Another reason for this change is that many women believed in Guanyin and look to her for strength in times of injustice.

Some topics in this essay:
Dynasty Guanyin, AD Guanyin, Han Tang,


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