(Kyle, p 43, 0000) A republic movement had been whispered as early as 1880, (Baker, p51, 1994), but at that time republicanism was seen as a nuisance, a radical idea and was given little thought although some notable Australians such as Henry Lawson, and papers such as Sunday Telegraph and Sydney Times advocated it. It wasn't until 1991 that the Republic debate sparked national interest that was to last almost twelve years.
Malcolm Turnbull, the leader of the Australian Republic Movement challenged Australia to take the next steps to become a republic by 2001, the centenary of Federation (Baker, p51, 1994).
The republican movement has since sought to replace the Queen and her representative, the Governor General, with a popularly elected Head of State (Healy, p10, 1998) Instead of the Queen appointing a representative on the Prime Ministers advice. The Republic Advisory Committee in a release