That well-designed buildings, furniture, and household goods would improve society
That the material environment affected the moral fibber of society
That the ideal was contented workers making beautiful objects
And that both design and working lives had been better in the past
The Arts and Crafts adherents wanted a different society.
On the whole, they failed, but for more than half a century they had a profound effect on design in every field of manufacture.
The British movement focused on the richly detailed gothic style. Their interior walls were either white-washed or covered in wallpaper depicting medieval themes. The pottery and textile designs were intricate, colorful and
realistic. While the original intent was to provide handmade goods to the common man, the cost of paying craftsmen an honest wage resulted in higher prices than the common man could afford. This limited the movement to the upper class.
In contrast, the American movement drew inspiration from the materials, choosing to highlight the grain of the wood or the form of the pot. They incorporated walls of rich