The elements of decoration are mostly limited to geometry, calligraphy, play of light, and foliation, but their manipulation results in a rich and extravagant effect. The many diverse materials are used to embellish the buildings and create this effect. Certain principles such as: repetition, symmetry, and rescaling of patterns, also help to set Islamic architecture apart from others. Combined, all of these elements express a unique and different appearance to all of Islamic architecture.

One distinctive feature of Islamic decoration would be its geometric design.

The role of geometric decoration is central to any analysis of Islamic art; it is one of the unifying factors that, for thirteen centuries, have linked buildings and objects from all over the Islamic world across an enormous geographic span. (Grube et al, 161)

Islam transformed geometry into an art form. The usage of geometry throughout Islamic architecture opened windows of opportunity for applying the principles of repetition, symmetry, and change of scale. When these usages of geometry are practices they create a perple



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