Self-awareness in animals

The question then arises as to whether or not the absence of language also implies the absence of either consciousness or thought, or in fact whether the communication between animals is in fact related closely enough to that of humans that language ceases to be an issue when investigating the difference between human and animal consciousness, (Lea Kiley-Worthington, 1996).

There is reasonably strong evidence to suggest that not only can animals communicate with each other, but they can in fact learn to communicate with humans. Apes, in particular have been proven to be particularly adept at learning American sign language, or other symbolic versions of communication to the extent that in 1998, a gorilla called Koko reportedly communicated via American Sign Language her hopes for freedom, and to have a baby, over the internet, ( A chimpanzee called Kanzi has also been reported to understand a version of symbolic sign language developed by her trainer Sue Savage-Rumbah, and can in fact carry out actions such as picking up a straw, or carrying rubbish to another trainer when instructed to do so, (Wynne, 1999). These examples, appear to be compelling evidence for



Consciousness... He concludes that an animal who passes the mirror test is aware of themselves and that this self awareness enables these animals to Asympathize, empathize and ... (1593 6 )

Animal Studies, Primates, and Human Beings... drama that produced self awareness in some ape human ancestor. In that drama, other species never get beyond the first act. Monkeys, like many animals, seem to ... (842 3 )

Behavior of Social Animals... The behavior of chickens argues for a degree of self-awareness in this species ... A study of cockerels found that these animals make more frequent food calls when ... (2299 9 )

Animal Mentation and the Concept of Mind... Savage-Rumbaugh argues that animals have minds because of their self-awareness and their ability to deceive: "Evidence of self-awareness and of deception ... (2227 9 )

Slavery and Animal Rights... The counter-argument is that nonhuman animals do not have the ability to reason, lack self-awareness, and possess no sense of morality or justice. ... (1098 4 )

Animal Research... humans and animals do not have equal weight, since "life is of far greater value to a human than, for example, to a creature with no self-awareness," but he ... (1013 4 )


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