aE In some parts of the Union army looked and hunted down slaves to return them back to their owners. All these arguments she points out support the thesis that Lincoln was for slavery and did not really care about them at all. That his main goal was saving the union at the expense of the death of black slavery.
James Mcapherson also wrote about who freed slaves : "The clear answer is the war. Without the Civil War there would be no confiscation act, no Emancipation Proclamation, no Thirteenth Amendment and certainly no self-emancipation, and almost certainly no end of slavery for several more decades at least. "Without Lincoln's election in 1860, the Southern states would not have seceded in 1861, the war would not have come when and as it did, the door of emancipation would not have been open as it was.aE Lincoln let the slaves escape from the South; confederate control over slaves was gone after issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. This let slaves come to North for a chance of freedom. Another important thing that Lincoln did was not to let South to expand slavery to the free territories. Former slaves joined the army to continue fighting for their freedom.