"Throughout the 1950's, Warhol enjoyed a successful career as a commercial artist, winning several commendations from the Art Director's Club and the American Institute of Graphic Arts (Andy Warhol Pop Box: Fame, the Factory, and the Father of American Pop Art).aE In these early years, he shortened his name to "Warhol.aE In 1952, the artist had his first individual show at the Hugo Gallery, exhibiting Fifteen Drawings Based on the Writings of Truman Capote. His work was exhibited in several other venues during the 1950's, including his first group show at The Museum of Modern Art in 1956.
The 1960s was an extremely prolific decade for Warhol. Appropriating images from popular culture, Warhol created many paintings that remain icons of the twentieth century art, such as the Campbell's' Soup Cans, Disasters and Marilyns. "He took his heroes and his heroines from popular culture or from the famous of their day. He made silkscreen portraits of movie actresses Elizabeth Taylor and Marilyn Monroe simply because, he said, they were beautiful and they were 'popular' (American Art History and Culture, 574).aE In addition to painting, Warhol m