A 20th Century artist: Jackson Pollock (1912-1956)
As his career progressed, Pollock rejected his teacher's representational subject matter, but maintained Benton's emphasis on dynamic, rhythmic composition. For example, Pollock's post-student work The Flame (1937) represents a surprising and radical shift in artistic direction. The painting was Pollock's first attempt to free expression from subject and is a clear step toward has a slight recognisable composition but is undermined by the emphasis placed on colour, tone and atmosphere.
Furthermore, Jackson had studied mural painting with Benton and posed for his teacher's murals (1930-31) at the New School for Social Research, where the Mexican muralist Jose Clemente Orozco was at work on frescoes. This first-hand experience of contemporary mural painting is thought to have ignited Jackson's ambition to paint large-scale works of his own. In 1936 Jackson took part in David Alfarc Siqueiros's workshop in New York and they experimented with new ways of painting. It was there that Pollock first encountered the use of enamel paint and was encouraged to try unorthodox techniques such as pouring and chuck the liquid material to achieve spontaneous effects. Likewise, the murals of