Alfred Stieglitz

He was told that a camera could only be used in the daytime. He decided to challenge that theory and set up his camera in a small cellar. The cellar was lit only by weak electric light bulb and focused on a dynamo. Then he made a 24 hour exposure which resulted in a perfect negative. This negative effectively rebuked the necessity of daylight. Later in his life, Stieglitz took the first successful "rainy day", "snow storm" and "night" photographs. He took pictures in a time when photography was considered an only scientific curiosity and not art. The controversy over the art value of photography became widespread. Stieglitz began to fight for the recognition of his chosen medium. This battle would last his whole life.

One of the most famous photographs that Stieglitz took during his lifetime is "The SteerageaE. In 1907 Stieglitz sailed to Europe on the luxury liner Kaiser Wilhelm II. Below the first-class upper deck, he saw passengers crowded into the less costly steerage level below. The steerage is divided into an upper and lower deck joined by a narrow stairway. Stieglitz made this print of The Steerage for his avant-garde publication Camera Work, in 1911. The upper group co



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