The artist is depicting a wealthy woman in New Spain in the 18th century. In 18th century Spain the wealthy women wore big lace dresses with lots of jewels all over their body. In the painting the lady had a crown on her head and lots of jewels on her body. The lady in the portrait is meant to be wealthy, one can tell this by the ladies attire, a very nice lace dress with lots of jewels and a crown on her head.
While the texture of the dress is definite, being very ruff with lace, it is also very soft looking creating the effect of r