To aid in the analysis and discussion, some historical examples will be provided to shed light on Arendt's views and to demonstrate how they applied to Saddam's Iraq.
Arendt observed that totalitarian regimes take form or are born of an ideology, often associated with racist, as in the case of Nazi anti-Semitism, or classist struggles, as in Stalin's communist Russia (Jacobus 86). As Hitler's Nazi Germany grew out of and became consumed with the idea of creating a racially purified Aryan Germany and extending it to all of Europe, Saddam's goals, formed along with his Baathist principles, were aimed at creating a pan-Arab world and a master race. David Brooks of The Review describes Saddam's position that "Someday there will be a great historical culmination presumably between the Arab world and the United States. Some nation, some people, will establish permanent dominance over the earth. It will realize all values, bring to culmination all hopes, and ascend to permanent glory." He further attributes to Saddam that "The ideology of Baathism calls for relentless struggle, ever-widening conflict, until some ideal culmination of histo