The rules may always be changed to best the current situation.
Public law, often referred to as criminal law, and private law, also referred to as
civil law is in certain aspects mirror images of one another. Public law is explained as
the relationship between individuals and the state and private law is the relationship
between individuals. Public law is concerned with things such as the protection of life,
property and the general rules of conduct that relate to society. Private law deals with
problems that relate to such things as the loaning of money, divorce, a contract, or an
accidental harming of another individual. Public law is punitive which means essentially
that the state punishes anyone breaking public law with criminal law however private law
is nonpunitive and is compensatory so it seeks more to restore what was lost or taken.
The goal of enforcing law is to protect morality, discover the truth, and ensure
ethical conduct among society so surely there should be some clear relationships between
law and justice, law and morality, and law and truth. I