“Hades: The Ruler of the Dead”



Hades ruled over the Underworld and the dead by himself until he fell in love with the very beautiful goddess Persephone, daughter of the goddess Demeter. Hades abducted and raped Persephone and then carried her away in a chariot. "Hades, the lord of the underworld, represents the body intelligence of man; and the rape of Persephone is symbolic of the divine nature assaulted and defiled by the animal soul and dragged downward into the somber darkness of Hades, which is here used as a synonym for the material, or objective, sphere of consciousnessaE (The Rape of Persephone). After he abducted her, Zeus ordered him to return Persephone back to Demeter, her mother, but before she left the Underworld Hades gave her a pomegranate. When she ate the piece of fruit, it bound her to the Underworld forever. He then made her his bride and the queen of the Underworld. According to Walter Burkert, author of the book Greek Religion, "to be carried off by Hades and to celebrate marriage with Hades become common for metaphors for death, especially for girlsaE


 
 
 
 
 
 



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