The bright Alexander led the horse under a tree. After the horse could not see its shadow anymore, he became calm and Alexander petted the horse until it allowed Alexander to mount it. He showed his father that the horse was tamed and his father bought the horse for his son. He named the horse Bucephalus, which means ox head, and Bucephalus became Alexander's favorite horse.
Because of Phillip's great army, Macedonia conquered almost all of Greece under him. Phillip then declared war on Persia to retaliate for a Persian invasion of Greece that happened a few centuries before Phillip was born. Before Phillip left for Asia, he was assassinated by a man named Pausanias.
After Phillip's murder, the twenty-year-old Alexander inherited a country in turmoil. The Greek cities of Athens and Thebes did not want to pledge allegiance to Alexander because he was so young. Also, the barbarians in the north that Phillip had conquered were staging a revolt. Alexander's advisors suggested that he let Athens and Thebes go and be gentle with the barbarians.
Alexander disagreed with the advisors and thought that the best thing for him to do was to show the world that he was not going to be a ruler t