Aristotle, Courage and Virtue

They fear all bad things such as bad reputation, poverty, sickness, savage and death but none of these should be a concern for a courageous person. For example, fear of bad reputation is actually considered a normal and fine thing because it's better to fear reputation than not having any feelings of disgrace at all (Book III, ch. 6). In this case, a courageous person should have a glimpse of fear within despite how they should be fearless in the eyes of people. Those who face irresistible fears would promote confidence since they are forced to stand firm against them till the end for the sake of virtue or courage. Although letting loose of fears would boost the confidence, excessive confidence will lead to an overly rash person. This would not make an example of a courageous person but a fearless madman who is incapable of feeling any fear. They would not stand firm against anything but rather become cowards when overwhelming danger comes (Book III, ch.7). Same goes for being overly cowardice; they won't be in the right state to be virtuous.

There are many conditions that resemble courage but aren't necessarily considered true courage according to Aristotle. An example would be citizens whom se



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