Aristotle viewed women as imperfect men. His views became the basis of western science and they were codified in the teachings of the Catholic Church. Not only did Aristotle posit that women were "misbegotten men,aE but he also stated that they had lighter and inferior brains (Tuana, 1993). This bias continues through almost all of classical, medieval, and modern religion, philosophy, and science.
Classical and modern depictions of evolution often completely ignore the role that women played in ancient societies. Illustrations of the states of evolution have entirely focused on the size, shape, and societal role of man. In the illustration below by A. Busetto we can see how this bias towards men has moved with humanity through history into the space age.
This exclusion of women further reinforces the view that women have only passive and