Before this time, in the 15th century, many carpet makers began to use a more centralized design rather than a repeated design, along with more floral designs (Aschenbrenner 8,9). During the Safavid Dynasty, along with the heightened production of carpets came an increase in calligraphy, miniature paintings, and court making, although Persian carpets
remain the most celebrated (Farsi Net 1). In the 16th century carpets makers began exporting their works of art, and in the 1800s a few countries built factories in Iran to help the carpet industry (Farsi Net 1). There was, however, a lull in production during the reign of Chieftain in the mid 1700s (Art Arena 3). The art form regained popularity and production in the 1800s when factories were built by other countries.
There are many different factors to take into account before weaving a Persian carpet. First, one must create a design for the carpet, called a "cartoonaE (Persian Galleries). For the city carpets this is usually done on graph paper in a very detailed way, so that