To be fair, an individual should be judged on his or her merit regardless of race, religious beliefs, color, gender, physical andor mental disability, marital status, family status, source of income, age, ancestry, place of origin or sexual orientation. Stereotyping can often lead to prejudice.
Prejudice being a learned attitude, is partly based on the evaluative implication of stereotypic beliefs. It is often learned at an early stage and is irrational and not based on reality. Discrimination is a behavior that follows from biased attitudes. It is a behavior that often leads to harassment and has a negative social and economic impact.
To the extent that stereotypes are shared beliefs, prejudice and stereotypes are not necessarily correlated. An example of this is Goldberg's discovery that both male and female university students, regardless of their attitudes toward the feminist movement, rate photos of less attractive women as being more pro-feminist (even though physical attractiveness was unrelated to whether the women were supporters or non-supporters).
In the context of social behavior, prejudice can create intergroup conflict, social categorization, and social inequities. Intergroup conflict leads