Old Major is the Carl Marx on the Animal Farm preaching the way life should be and giving them something to think about(Bloom 74). Snowball represents Leon Trotsky which gets kicked out by the more corrupt and deceitful Napoleon. Mr. Fredrick is similar to Hitler, wanting the Animal Farm for his own(Rees 67). The Raven that comes and goes in the novel is much like the Russian Orthodox Church. Squealer is the animal equivalent of Pravada, the speaker that persuades people to believe what they are told and not to question it. Napoleon is the Stalin of Animal Farm, abusing his powers of his position to provide a better life for him and his officials, pigs. The pigs collectively represent the party. Farmer Pilkington stands for Churchillian England. There are many equivalents and many similarities between them (Bloom 77).
The plot of the novel is almost as important as the characterization aspect of the novel. The way Old Major explains the situation and his vision of the future is sort of like Marx's ideas of communism, they get rid of the greedy upper class and work for themselv