A new generation of young African leaders came around. They were educated in the United States, England, and France, they sought for independence.
Those who were educated in the United Sates were especially influenced by W. E. B. DuBois, who was educated at Harvard University, and Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican who lived at Harlem in New York City. Both of these two stressed the need for unity for all Africans known as Pan-Africanism. In 1920, Marcus Garvey issued a "Declaration of Human Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World," which later had a strong impact on prospective African leaders.
Following World War II, the African nations began to get independence from their colonial power